Spatial emergence of off-diagonal long-range order throughout the BCS-BEC crossover
Authors: Pisani L.; Pieri P.; Strinati G.C.
Autors Affiliation: School of Science and Technology, Physics Division, Universita di Camerino, (MC), Camerino, 62032, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Bologna, (BO), Bologna, I-40127, Italy; INFN, Sezione di Bologna, (BO), Bologna, I-40127, Italy; INFN, Sezione di Perugia, (PG), Perugia, 06123, Italy; CNR-INO, Istituto Nazionale di Ottica, Sede di Firenze, (FI), 50125, Italy
Abstract: In a superfluid system, off-diagonal long-range order is expected to be exhibited in the appropriate reduced density matrices when the relevant particles (either bosons or fermion pairs) are considered to recede sufficiently far apart from each other. This concept is usually exploited to identify the value of the condensate density, without explicit concern, however, as to the spatial range over which this asymptotic condition can effectively be achieved. Here, based on a diagrammatic approach that includes beyond-mean-field pairing fluctuations in the broken-symmetry phase at the level of the t-matrix also with the inclusion of the Gorkov-Melik-Barkhudarov (GMB) correction, we present a systematic study of the two-particle reduced density matrix for a superfluid fermionic system undergoing the BCS-BEC crossover, when the entities to recede far apart from each other evolve with continuity from largely overlapping Cooper pairs in the BCS limit to dilute composite bosons in the BEC limit. By this approach, we not only provide the coupling and temperature dependence of the condensate density at the level of our diagrammatic approach, which includes the GMB correction, but we also obtain the evolution of the spatial dependence of the two-particle reduced density matrix, from a power law at low temperature to an exponential dependence at high temperature in the superfluid phase, when the interparticle coupling spans the BCS-BEC crossover. Our results put limitations on the minimum spatial extent of a finite-size system for which superfluid correlations can effectively be established.
Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW B
Volume: 105 (5) Pages from: 054505-1 to: 054505-20
KeyWords: Bose-condensation; momentum distribution; superconductivity; evolution; quantumDOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.105.054505